The Taj Mahal situated in India, is a regal mausoleum that stands out as one of the world’s most captivating and mesmerizing monuments. It’s an awe-inspiring memorial sculpture that commemorates love and serves as a splendid portrayal of Islamic architecture, representing peace and beauty. For any traveler exploring India, a visit to the Taj Mahal is a must, and this article offers some tips to help you make the most of your trip.
What you can know about Taj Mahal in this article. They are-
- The taj mahal location
- The Histoy of the Taj mahal
- Construction of the Taj Mahal
- Ingredients and materials of the Taj Mahal
- How to visit the Taj Mahal
- Best time to visit Taj Mahal
- List of Hotels
- The Taj Mahal Map
- The Taj Mahal Travel Tips
where is the Taj mahal located?
The Taj Mahal is located in the city of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The Taj Mahal is located on the banks of the Yamuna River, opposite the Agra Fort. Agra’s domestic airport is connected to Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport. You can get any flight or hire a cab to reach Agra. The city of Agra is well-connected with the rest of the country through a well-developed railway network.
what is the History of the Taj mahal in India?
- In 1631 AD, the prosperous Emperor Shah Jahan was bereaved by the death of his second wife is Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal died giving birth to their fourteenth daughter Gauhar Begum. Taj Mahal is an immortal creation of Emperor Shah Jahan. He built it out of love for his beloved wife Arjumand Banu Begum Mamtaz. And this is the greatest sign of love in the world.
- The Taj Mahal, a wonderful blend of Islamic, Persian, and Indian architecture, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983 and has been recognized as a universally acclaimed masterpiece of world heritage. It has become a symbol of peace, beauty, and love, attracting countless tourists who come to visit and learn about its history. Being one of the top tourist attractions for ages, the Taj Mahal remains a beloved and awe-inspiring destination.
Construction of the Taj Mahal in India:
Situated in the southern region of the walled city of Agra, the plot of land on which the Taj Mahal stands was originally owned by Maharaja Jai Singh. However, Shahjahan opted to take over the land in lieu of constructing a grand palace in the heart of Agra.
- The construction of this breathtaking mausoleum began with the laying of its foundation stone, which required the excavation of an area of approximately 3 acres, later filled with loose soil to minimize the impact of river flow.
- The entire area leveled to an elevation of roughly 50 meters above the river bank. Standing tall at 55 meters, the Taj Mahal boasts a tomb measuring 18 meters in diameter and 24 meters in height.
- The most remarkable feature of the Taj Mahal is undoubtedly the marble stone dome that crowns the mausoleum, adorned with a lotus flower design that accentuates its height.
- The construction of this magnificent structure estimated to have cost 32 million rupees during its time.
- It took 20 thousand skilled workers 22 years to build it.
- Emperor Shahjahan loved his wife so much that he stayed with her in all matters of the empire. Even the time of military operation was not left out. During a military campaign in 1630, Mumtaz died giving birth to her fourteenth child. And at that time, one of the four promises Mumtaz took from her husband Shahjahan was that he would set an example of love for his wife that no one else in the world could do.
- To keep that promise, Emperor Shah Jahan started building this memorial in 1631 at his wife’s tomb.
- Its construction completed in 1653 after 22 long years of painstaking work. And by building it, his promise to his wife also kept. Because no one in the world has been able to create such a sign of love till date, so no lover misses to remember the Shahjahan-Mumtaz love for his lover.
Ingredients and Materials:
- The Taj Mahal built using various materials imported from Asia and India.
- Over 1,000 elephants used to carry construction materials during the construction work.
- Translucent opaque white marble stone brought from Rajasthan, jashav – red, yellow or brown medium quality stone brought from Punjab. Jade brought from China – hard, flat, green stone, crystal pieces.
- Bright green-blue (turquoise) gems brought from Tibet and sapphires from Afghanistan. Sapphire – The bright blue gemstone comes from Sri Lanka and the pinkish, khaki or white colored gemstones come from Arabia.
- These 28 types of precious stones set on the white marble stone.
How to visit the Taj Mahal in India:
- On reaching Kolkata, book the fastest train Rajdhani Express, which will drop you at New Delhi railway station.
- You can also book other train tickets if you want, including Yuva Express which will take you to Anan Bihar Railway Station in Delhi, Kalka Mail which will drop you at Old Delhi Railway Station.
- Apart from this there are many other trains which travel from Kolkata to Delhi. Then you can reach Agra by train or bus after reaching Anand Vihar station in Delhi. You go to Agra by train or bus after reaching Anand Vihar station in Delhi. In case of train, it will take around two hours to reach Agra by train from Delhi Railway Station or Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station and three to three and a half hours by bus.
- And if you can go by plane, you can travel from Bagdogra to Delhi for two hours, then reach Agra by train or bus.
Best time to visit Taj Mahal in India:
Before the huge crowds arrive by train from Delhi, many recommend visiting the Taj Mahal on the eve of sunrise for better photography. The Taj Mahal becomes even more beautiful in the soft light of sunrise and sunset, the soft light and beautiful colors of the facade of the monument and its reflection in the water of the pool cast a different form. It is also open during the night, sometimes during the full moon. However, nighttime viewing is very limited and visitors have to stand on the red sandstone plaza. Since October to December are the coldest months, this is usually the best time to visit the Taj Mahal.
List of Hotels:
However, there are several hotels and resorts in India that are named after the Taj Mahal and offer accommodation for visitors. Some popular options include:
- Taj Mahal Hotel
Address: Number 1, Man Singh Road, New Delhi, India
Telephone: +91 11 23026162
Email: [email protected]
- The Taj Mahal Palace
Address: Apollo Bunder, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Telephone: +91 22 6665 3366
Email: [email protected]
- The Gateway Hotel Taj Mahal
Address: Fatehabad Road, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Telephone: +91 562 2231515
Email: [email protected]
The Taj Mahal in India Map:
The Taj Mahal Travel Tips:
- It is better not to visit Agra in very hot weather, November to February is the best time to visit Agra.
- If you get a chance to see the magical beauty of the Taj Mahal on spring and full moon nights. You will regret it later.
- You enter the Agra Fort by showing the Taj Mahal entry ticket, which costs Rs 30. Otherwise you have to spend Rs 500 separately.
- Take a full day tour of the Taj Mahal in Agra from night to see everything well. A bottle of water given at the time of entering the Taj Mahal. No food can take inside the Taj Mahal except this water.
- Friday prayers offered at the Taj Mahal, so entry prohibited on Fridays.
More information about the Taj Mahal in India:
What is the meaning of the Taj Mahal name?
The word “Taj” means “crown” and “Mahal” means “royal palace”. That is, the word “Taj Mahal” means “crown palace” or “crown palace”.
What is inside the Taj Mahal?
The tombs of Shah Jahan and his beloved wife Mumtaz are located in the Lower Tomb, which is inaccessible to visitors. An octagonal incised marble cover surrounds the well-decorated memorials in the upper samadhi chamber.
What is the current state of the Taj Mahal?
The marbles of the Taj Mahal are turning yellow due to acid rain and pollution. Noxious gases emitted by industries located near the Taj Mahal and discharge of effluents into the river are responsible for the decay or deterioration of this awe-inspiring monument.
What steps have been taken by the government to preserve the Taj Mahal?
The Government of India has taken ten initiatives to reduce pollution in the Taj region. Two of the most important developments under this program include:
- Mandatory use of LPG in every household in the Taj Trapezium area.
- Around 22 outlets in Agra sell unleaded petrol.
Where is the Black the Taj Mahal located?
The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan wanted to build another black Taj Mahal right opposite the white Taj Mahal to mourn his beloved Queen Mumtaz Mahal. However, he could not fulfill his wish due to his son Aurangzeb’s overthrow of Shah Jahan.
Did Shah Jahan cut off the hands of the workers who were building the Taj Mahal?
According to local legends, Shahjahan is said to have cut off the hands of the workers building the Taj Mahal, but there is no convincing evidence for this.